FAQ | Mar 11,2023
Direct current (DC) cannot be transformed in the same way as alternating current (AC) because transformers operate on the principle of electromagnetic induction, which requires a changing magnetic field to induce a voltage in a nearby conductor. In AC circuits, the current changes direction and magnitude continuously, which allows for the creation of a varying magnetic field in the transformer’s primary coil, which in turn induces a varying voltage in the secondary coil. This induced voltage can then be used to power electrical devices or to transfer electrical energy to another circuit.
However, DC current does not change direction, and it cannot be used to create a varying magnetic field, which is necessary for electromagnetic induction to occur in a transformer. As a result, transformers are not typically used with DC circuits. Instead, DC power can be converted to AC power using a device called an inverter, which can then be used with a transformer to step up or step down the voltage as needed. Alternatively, specialized types of transformers called DC-to-DC converters can be used to convert DC power to a different voltage level, but these devices operate on different principles than conventional transformers.
--- END ---